Safety dans le processus de moulage par injection is paramount. Ensuring that both equipment and personnel adhere to the highest standards of safety can prevent accidents, improve efficiency, and maintain the integrity of the final product.
General Safety Guidelines for Injection Molding Workshops
Ensuring a safe environment in injection molding workshops is paramount. By following these guidelines, workshops can maintain a high standard of safety, minimizing risks and ensuring efficient production.
1. Equipment Interaction Restrictions
When equipment is operating normally, it’s essential to avoid contact with any part of the machinery, except for the safety door and control panel of the injection molding machine. This ensures that workers remain safe from any unexpected movements or malfunctions.
2. Addressing Production Anomalies
If there’s any abnormality in the production process, it’s crucial to wait until the equipment has completely stopped before addressing the issue. This makes sure that accidents are less likely to happen and ensures that the issue is dealt with safely.
3. Designated Personnel for Equipment Operation
Every piece of equipment should have a designated person responsible for its operation. Only those who have undergone safety training et obtained the necessary qualifications should operate the machinery. Any repairs should be carried out by specified personnel, ensuring that those without the proper training or authorization do not attempt to fix any issues.
4. Proper Equipment Operation and Maintenance
CNC Operators should strictly follow the operational procedures, ensuring that the equipment is well-maintained. Keeping the workspace clean and organized not only promotes safety but also fosters a productive environment.
5. Adherence to Operational Discipline
It’s essential to strictly follow operational and procedural disciplines. Keeping detailed records and ensuring a thorough handover of safety conditions during shift changes can prevent misunderstandings and potential hazards.
6. Ensuring Safety Devices are Intact
All safety protective devices on equipment must be in place and functional. If any device is damaged, it’s crucial to report it immediately and wait for repairs before using the equipment.
7. Proactive Accident Management
Being able to identify potential hazards and address them before they escalate is crucial. In the unfortunate event of an accident, it’s vital to handle the situation decisively, report it to the relevant authorities, and preserve the scene for further investigation.
8. Proper Attire for Workers
Workers should adhere to the dress code, which includes tying up long hair, avoiding loose clothing, and not wearing sandals. This minimizes the risk of clothing getting caught in machinery.
9. Pre-use Checks for Electric Tools
Before using any electric tool, it’s essential to inspect its wires, plugs, and plastic casing for any damage to prevent electrical hazards.
10. Safe Handling of Air Connectors
When replacing air connectors, always turn off the air source to prevent connectors from being ejected and causing injuries.
11. Keeping Passageways Clear
Ensure that passageways are clear at all times. Avoid long-term work or storage of items in these areas to ensure safe movement throughout the workshop.
12. Powering Down Equipment Post-Use
After using any equipment, always turn off its power source. The only exception is when the injection molding machine’s PC material requires insulation.
Safety Protocols for Injection Molding Machine Operations
Operating an injection molding machine requires meticulous attention to safety. By adhering to the following guidelines, operators can ensure a secure and efficient production environment, minimizing risks associated with the machinery.
1. Standard Operations for Semi-Automatic Injection Molding Machines
During standard semi-automatic operations, the following actions are permissible:
- a. Open the front safety door.
- b. Remove the product and the feed rod.
- c. Close the front safety door. For any additional actions, technicians must verify and confirm that they are essential for standard production.
2. Safety Measures for Manual Operations
Any actions beyond the standard ones must be performed in manual mode after shutting down the oil pump. When tasks involve electrical components, such as possibly coming into contact with the buse or the melt barrel, it’s crucial to turn off the power. Before cleaning molds or adjusting any mechanical parts, disconnect the power source to ensure operator safety.
3. Responding to Automatic Alarms
If the equipment triggers an automatic alarm, operators should immediately evacuate the machine’s vicinity and switch to “manual” mode.
4. Emergency Situations
In the event of emergencies, such as personal injuries or unexpected noises from the equipment or mold, promptly press the emergency stop button and call for assistance.
5. Precautions During Machine Operation
Never extend any part of the body into a closed safety door while the machine is running. Before reaching into the mold, open the safety door. If the upper body needs to be between the two mold plates, shut down the oil pump. Under any circumstances, if the entire body needs to be between the two mold plates, disconnect the power source.
6. Safety Door Protocols
When the machine is in operation, always close the rear safety door. Use the front safety door to control the mold’s locking mechanism.
7. Communication Among Operators
Before anyone other than the injection molding machine operator approaches the machine, they must notify the operator to switch to manual mode and turn off the oil pump. Especially during collaborative tasks, any unusual actions should be communicated and confirmed with co-workers.
8. Safety Checks
Regularly check in both manual and semi-automatic modes to ensure that opening the safety door cuts off the oil pump and power supply.
9. Emergency Stop Button
Ensure that the emergency stop button is functional and that pressing it disconnects the oil pump and power supply.
10. Maintaining a Safe Environment
Ensure that there’s no oil or water around the equipment to guarantee safe movement.
11. Reporting Anomalies
Report any abnormalities with the injection molding machine, such as oil leaks or damaged wires, to the team leader or technician promptly.
12. Nozzle Removal Safety
When removing the nozzle, take protective measures to prevent burns from hot materials or gas splashes.
13. Machine Operation Precautions
Avoid operating the machine when clearing obstructions or moving the material hopper.
14. Safety During Empty Injections
When performing empty injections, close both the front and rear safety doors. Ensure no one stands on either side of the material barrel to prevent injuries from material ejections.
15. Safety Checks for Long-Term Shutdowns
After a prolonged shutdown, before restarting the machine, check all safety devices, such as mechanical locks and hydraulic locks, to ensure they function correctly.
16. Maintenance Safety
During maintenance, disconnect the main power source and display a “Do Not Energize” sign. Before operation, ensure all machinery is connected as specified.
17. Precautions with Moving Platen
Avoid using hands to clear molten material leaking from the nozzle when the platen moves forward.
18. Material Hopper Safety
Place a magnetic rack inside the material hopper to prevent metal contaminants from damaging the injection molding equipment.
19. Safety with Mold Plates
When the upper body enters between the two mold plates for inspection or repairs, turn off the oil pump.
20. Power Disconnection
Always disconnect the power source before the entire body enters between the two mold plates, regardless of the situation.
21. Altering Safety Devices
Any modifications to safety devices are strictly prohibited. Do not operate the equipment if any safety device is damaged.
22. High-Temperature Production Safety
For products produced at temperatures above 120°C, operators must wear thick cotton gloves for protection.
Safety Guidelines for Mold and Oil Temperature Machines in Injection Molding
Ensuring safety in the operation of mold and oil temperature machines is paramount in the injection molding process. By following the guidelines below, operators can maintain a safe and efficient working environment, minimizing potential hazards and ensuring the longevity of the equipment.
1. Power Supply Specifications
Always use the specified voltage for the power supply (220V/380V/415V/50/60Hz). This ensures the machine operates within its designed parameters, reducing the risk of malfunctions.
2. Thermal Oil Usage
Avoid using thermal oils with unknown conditions or specifications. Using the correct oil ensures optimal machine performance and safety.
3. Electrical Wiring
Always use the designated specification for power cables to prevent overheating, voltage drops, and potential accidents or malfunctions.
4. Grounding the Machine
It’s essential to connect the machine’s grounding terminal to the grounding wire. This step is crucial for preventing electrical hazards.
5. Hoses and Connectors
All hoses and other connecting devices need to be able to handle temperatures as high as 120°C and pressures of up to 1000 kPa (which is equivalent to 10 kgf/cm^2).
6. Hose Installation
Install hoses following the manufacturer’s instructions, paying particular attention to adhering to the minimum bending radius. For connecting supplementary hoses, refer to the provided hose piping guide.
7. Handling Hot Surfaces
The machine, including externally connected valves and piping, can become very hot during operation. Avoid touching these parts directly with your hands. Even after the operation, residual heat can make these parts hot. Wait until the machine and piping temperatures drop below 40°C before touching.
8. Electrical Safety
Do not touch the control box with wet hands because it can be dangerous and may cause an electrical shock.
9. Protective Gear During Maintenance
Always wear protective gear when performing maintenance tasks. This precaution ensures your safety against potential hazards like burns or cuts.
10. Addressing Anomalies
If any abnormalities occur, refrain from using the device until the affected parts have been replaced.
11. Thermal Oil Replacement
Regularly replace the thermal oil. If you notice the oil turning a silky black, it’s imperative to change it immediately.
12. Maintenance Checks
If you observe poor drainage or reduced cooling effects during operation, promptly clean the solenoid valve or check for blockages in the cold water inlet and outlet.
Safety Protocols for Robotic Arms in Injection Molding
Robotic arms, often referred to as “pick and place” machines, have become indispensable in modern injection molding processes. They enhance efficiency, precision, and consistency. However, their mechanical nature also introduces specific safety concerns. Here are the guidelines to ensure safe operation:
1. Secure Installation
Ensure that the robotic arm is firmly mounted on the injection molding machine. A stable installation prevents any unexpected movements or dislodgements, ensuring the safety of both the equipment and the operators.
2. Operational Boundaries
Operators and other personnel should never enter the operational range of the robotic arm. This zone is where the arm moves and performs its tasks. Intruding into this space can lead to accidents, given the speed and force with which these machines operate.
3. Powering Down Before Maintenance
Always turn off the power supply before starting any maintenance or repair work on the robotic arm. This step ensures that the machine remains stationary, preventing any accidental activations that could harm the technician.
Safety Guidelines for Drying Ovens in Injection Molding
Drying ovens play a pivotal role in the injection molding process, ensuring that the raw materials are free from moisture before being molded. However, given the high temperatures they operate at, it’s crucial to follow specific safety protocols. Here are the essential guidelines for operating drying ovens safely:
1. Flammable Materials Clearance
Ensure that no flammable materials are placed within a 1-meter radius of the drying oven. This precaution minimizes the risk of accidental fires and ensures a safe working environment.
2. Temperature Settings
Always set the oven’s temperature based on the recommended drying temperature for the specific material being used. Combine this with practical experience to determine the optimal setting. This ensures efficient drying without compromising the integrity of the material or the safety of the process.
3. Protective Gear is Essential
Given the high temperatures of drying ovens, always wear protective gear when operating or approaching the oven. This can include heat-resistant gloves and aprons to prevent burns.
4. Prompt Cleaning
Any raw materials that spill or scatter inside the oven should be cleaned immediately. This not only ensures the efficiency of the drying process but also prevents potential hazards.
5. Power Down Before Maintenance
Always turn off the power supply before cleaning or repairing the drying oven. This ensures the safety of the technician and prevents any accidental activations.
6. Regular Checks
Inspect the drying oven every 2 hours to ensure it’s operating correctly. Record the temperature during these checks to maintain a consistent drying process and ensure injection molding safety.
Safety Protocols for Granulators in Injection Molding
Granulators, or plastic grinders, are essential in the injection molding process for recycling excess material. Their operation involves sharp blades and high power, making safety paramount. Here are the vital guidelines to ensure the safe operation of granulators:
1. Pre-Startup Checks
Before starting the machine, ensure that the hopper and screen frame are securely closed. All safety screws must be tightly fastened to prevent any accidental openings during operation.
2. Beware of Sharp Blades
The rotating blades of the granulator are extremely sharp and can cause severe injuries, especially when in motion. Always exercise caution when near the machine, and never attempt to touch or interfere with the blades.
3. Caution During Hopper Screen Adjustments
Accidents can easily occur when opening or adjusting the hopper screen frame. Always ensure the machine is off and the blades have come to a complete stop before making any adjustments.
4. High Voltage Warning
The electrical box of the granulator operates at high voltages. Ensure that only trained personnel handle electrical components and always follow safety protocols.
5. Drive Belt Precautions
The machine operates using a drive belt. Ensure that the belt doesn’t come into contact with clothing or any part of the body to prevent entanglement.
6. Maintenance Safety
Before performing any maintenance or repairs on the granulator, turn off the main switch and control switch. Wait until the blades are completely stationary before proceeding.
7. Protective Devices are Essential
Never remove or tamper with the protective devices on the granulator. They are in place to ensure operator safety and prevent accidents.
8. Avoid Overloading
If there are ungranulated materials left in the hopper grinding chamber, do not shut down the machine. Restarting with residual materials can overload the motor, leading to potential damage or hazards.
Safety Guidelines for Overhead Crane Operations in Injection Molding
Overhead cranes, often called bridge cranes, are very important in the injection molding industry. They help move heavy machinery and materials easily. idents and maintain a smooth workflow. Here are the essential safety protocols for overhead crane operations:
1. Qualified Operators Only
Only trained and certified individuals should operate electric single-beam overhead cranes. Operators must undergo proper training and demonstrate competence before being allowed to handle the crane.
2. Pre-Operation Checks
Before initiating crane operations, conduct a trial run without any load. This test ensures that all moving parts, control systems, and safety devices function correctly. Additionally, inspect the crane hook and lifting ropes for any signs of wear or damage.
3. Adhere to Weight Limits
When lifting objects with the crane, ensure the weight of the items falls within the permissible limits of the crane hook, lifting ropes, and the crane itself.
4. Avoid Diagonal Lifting
Objects should be lifted vertically, without any diagonal or sideways movement along the main beam.
5. Prohibited Environments
Avoid operating the crane in areas with fire or explosion risks. Do not use the crane to lift molten metals or any toxic, flammable, or explosive materials.
6. Minimal Ground Clearance
When transporting objects, ensure they are slightly above the ground to prevent any potential collisions.
7. No Standing Under Loads
It’s strictly forbidden for anyone to stand or pass under suspended loads. This rule ensures the safety of personnel in the vicinity of the crane.
8. Continuous Supervision
Never leave the crane unattended with a suspended load. Operators must remain at the controls until the task is complete.
9. Proper Shutdown Procedures
After completing the work, position the crane at its designated spot, raise the hook, and disconnect the power supply.
Concluding Thoughts on Injection Molding Safety
Production safety is the most basic for every injection molding factory. It’s not just about making excellent products; it’s also about making sure that every part of the process is done very carefully and precisely. Prototool stands as a beacon in this realm. Beyond its top-tier injection molding services, the company places a significant emphasis on plant management and safety. By cultivating a culture where safety is intertwined with every operation, Prototool not only guarantees the well-being of its dedicated team but also assures clients that its products are crafted in an environment where excellence and safety coexist. As we delve deeper into the intricacies of the injection molding industry, aligning with a company like Prototool, which prioritizes both safety and quality, becomes an essential choice for success.